Friday, May 15, 2020

Frances Perkins - 1007 Words

Frances (Fannie) Perkins was an amazing person that represented a strong image for the female race. She was the first female cabinet member in the United States. Frances Perkins was the most influential person in American history because if she hadn’t been the first U.S. female cabinet member, females may not have a role in the U.S. government. In the 1840’s, the Perkins’ family worked in the brick-making factory, and they were wealthy for a short period of time. Many businesses collapsed and were bought out, so the wealth didn’t last long. In 1870, the Perkins’ turned to dairy farming to get their money. Shortly after, Frances’ father, Frederick married a woman by the name of Susan Bean. On April 10th, 1880 in Boston, Massachusetts†¦show more content†¦He had a mental illness, now known as bipolar disease, and Frances ended up caring for him. Frances now had to work very hard and maintain a job, not only for her and Paul, but for Suzanna. Frances helped her friend Al Smith win the governorship of New York. Karenna Schiff says â€Å"the name Frances Perkins is inextricably linked to that of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, but Al Smith, not F.D.R., is the man most responsible for launching her career†. When F.D.R. was president, Perkins recalled him saying â€Å"practically all the things we’ve done in the Federal Government are like things Al Smith did as Governor of New York.† Al Smith was the one who encouraged Frances to become a Democrat. All of Frances’ family was Republican when she was younger, and Al got her to ally with Democrats even though she was considered independent. The Rome Copper Workers’ Strike of 1919 was a huge part of Frances’ career. The Italian copper workers were not being paid enough money for the jobs they were doing. At the time, fancy new things were coming out like automobiles and new houses. The copper workers knew they were being treated unfairly and went on strike. They wanted a higher pay rate, and they wanted an 8 hour work day. Their boss was mentally ill and he would throw the workers down stairs and shoot guns at them. The mayor of the area wanted the governor to come to send state police, but they sent FrancesShow MoreRelatedFrances Perkins : An Era2269 Words   |  10 PagesI. Frances Perkins, originally named Fannie Coralie Perkins was born in Boston Massachusetts on April 10, 1880. Raised in Worcester, MA, Perkins and her family lived in boarding houses until her father was able to establish his stationary business and moved the family into a middle-class neighborhood. Perkins grew up in a conservative era where women were meant to be prudent and secluded from politics, education, and jobs typically for men (Downey, 2009). She was part of an era where her socialRead MoreFrances Perkins and the Great Depression1724 Words   |  7 PagesPart A-Plan of the Investigation To what extent is Frances Perkins responsible for and involved in the economic and social policies during The Great Depression? Frances Perkins role in government through pre and post great depression is not as widely recognized as some her fellow cabinet members who also pushed the New Deal. The details of who was the driving force behind the New Deal have been skewed over the years. How did Frances Perkins influence the economic and social policies of the GreatRead MoreThe Woman Behind the New Deal813 Words   |  3 Pages The first half of Kirstin Downeys book, The Woman Behind the New Deal chronologically explores the Frances Perkins life up until her early years as the Secretary of Labor under President Roosevelt. She was not only a vital labor advocate but a womans suffrage leader. Her up-bringing, education, influences, alliances, work history, and the changing world around her shaped her into an extraordinary person. She is an outstanding example of the â€Å"New Womenà ¢â‚¬  in the progressive era. She lived her lifeRead MoreTriangle: The Fire That Changed America Essay1282 Words   |  6 Pagesorganized a rally at the Metropolitan Opera House to demand action in fire safety. Such objectives had to be accomplished through City Hall and the State House in Albany. A key person in the effort to bring that about, Von Drehle shows, was Frances Perkins, Secretary of the Consumers League. He had witnessed the fire from across Washington Square. Her organization used consumer-buying power as an instrument to pressure employers into respecting the physical and social needs of their employees. SheRead MoreEssay The Early 20th Century Labor Movement1104 Words   |  5 Pages213). The commission had a small set of cities it investigated, but was later expanded throughout the state of New York (Von Drehle, 214). The commission was the product of Wagner and Smith, the so-called â€Å"Tammany Twins†, and also brought in Frances Perkins, who would later become the Secretary of Labor under FDR (Von Drehle, 214). While the Factory Investigating Commission would continue on to insure safer labor practices in the state of New York at an extremely fast pace, the tri al against TriangleRead MoreThe Tragedy Of The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire1773 Words   |  8 PagesFrances Perkins 1. Identify your individual and BRIEFLY summarize their background (one paragraph, at most). Frances Perkins came from a wealthy family in Maine. From her mother, she inherited the propensity to be stingy with money, earnest, and brutally honest. In 1902, she attended Mount Holyoke College, where she used her glibness to barely get by. Instead of focusing on improving her strengths, Frances’ professors sought to improve her weaknesses; Especially her moral ones. This wasRead MoreEssay on The Realistic Objectives of Henry VIIs Foreign Policy1280 Words   |  6 Pagesthe foreign powers surrounding him and worked on his foreign policy. When Irish nobles supported Perkin Warbeck as the Duke of York in 1491, Henry became even more worried. He was seeing a repeat of what had happened four years previously and, even though he had defeated Lambert Simnel, he could not be so confident that he would manage it again. The fact that Perkin Warbeck gained the support of James IV, Charles VIII and Maximilian Habsburg was what worried Henry theRead MoreThe Challenges to Henry VII Security Between 1487 and the end of 14991466 Words   |  6 Pages Elizabeth Woodville and the Marques of Dorset under house arrest. The fact that nobody believed they were involved gave Henry bad press as being paranoid and this was an unsuccessful manoeuvre. The rebellion of Perkin Warbeck lasted from 1491 to 1499. Perkin Warbeck, a merchant in Cork was believed to have looked like the Earl of Warwick. After denying this people presumed that he must be Richard Duke of York, the younger of Edward VI’s sons. Warbeck soon became a focalRead MoreLambert Simnel as a Greater Threat to the Security of Henry VII than Perkin Warbec1243 Words   |  5 PagesLambert Simnel as a Greater Threat to the Security of Henry VII than Perkin Warbec After Bosworth, Henrys most immediate and perhaps greatest problem was ensuring that he kept the crown. from Henry VII by R. Turvey and C. Steinsberg. This was very true, as throughout Henrys reign he faced many threats because as King he wasnt established and therefore vulnerable to challenge. Also there were still Yorkists in power who wanted to claim the throne back from the usurperRead MoreConfessions Of An Economic Hitman Essay2564 Words   |  11 PagesChrist-Arnaud Lacombe Marion Mayer Ulrik Karlsen Contents Introduction 2 Reflection on John Perkins’ Sincerity 3 What Do the Voices From Below Show? 5 How Can Institutions Transform and End Malicious Practices? 6 How to Increase Awareness in Society? 8 Conclusive Thoughts about the Book 9 References 9 Introduction â€Å"Confessions of an Economic Hitman† by John Perkins, tells a story about his experience as an economic hitman at MAIN, with the goal to mislead and manipulate

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Discussion And Conclusion On Education - 893 Words

Discussion and Conclusion From the shared experience of participants, I got the notion that if it was parents’ will to let not their children in school, they would willingly be happy to let them home without education. The challenge is that apart from poverty, parents do not see the value of education. The high cost of education, poverty, and lack of employment after graduation force parents to make claims and false decisions on the fate of education for their children. This view of education forces me to insist what I stated previously in this dissertation a holistic mode of education have to empower graduates to live and manage their life whether they have employment or not. This lack of motivation and value of education among parents make me think is the reason for parents in rural areas reluctant to demand a better education for their children. I realized there is a problem, but they see it as a normal part of life. Hence, parents try whatever means they can, even if it is cheating to keep their children out of school. Parents and children need to visualize themselves the value of education, and seek it. Making it a law for each child, doesn’t help. It reminded me what I saw, when I was on my way from Musoma to Serengeti. I saw students from one of the schools carrying heavy loads of white bags on their heads in groups walking to school. It was class time. Each morning where I stayed, I could see children with buckets of water on their heads, fire woods, hoes,Show MoreRelatedSexuality And Its Effect On Adolescent Life1601 Words   |  7 Pagesunwanted pregnancy (3). Therefore a comprehensive collaboration through sexuality education program in school and parent’s role in the family are essential to ensure young adolescent get enough and appropriate information to help them making a sound decision in the future. B. Critical Appraisal 1. Relevancy †¢ This study about parent’s attitudes, values, concern, motivations and aspiration about sexuality education is quite important especially in the era of social media, peer information and technologyRead MoreEducation Is The Fundamental Beginning That Shapes An Individual For The Rest Of Their Lives1469 Words   |  6 PagesPhilosophy of Education Tyler Kennedy Education is the fundamental beginning that shapes an individual for the rest of their lives. Without a proper education (one that gives place to a vast variety of content) one will not be equipped with the necessary knowledge to live an abundant life. It is because of this, that education should not be taken lightly. It is something that must be wholeheartedly pursued and genuinely sought after. But education itself, is a two-way avenue. A willing and eagerRead MoreImplications for Today’s Online Educators Essay1339 Words   |  6 Pagesvarious factors include variables of interest that pertain to particular successes and barriers in which web-based instructors have encountered. For purposes of this research, online and web-based instruction (instructors) will refer only to higher education environments provided through universities and colleges. The underlying problem presented in this research concerns the need to implement research that describes the â€Å"relevance, effectiveness, restrictive and facilitative dimensions of online courses†Read MorePatient Education Sessions Influences Levels Of Satisfaction862 Words   |  4 Pageshelp them deal with the treatment. Education sessions and preparation that cancer patients get prior to radiation treatment or CT simulation may influence their satisfaction. In this study, authors seek to explore whether the timing of patient education sessions influences levels of satisfaction in women treated for breast cancer. - The author’s purpose, approach or methods, hypothesis, and major conclusions. Purpose: To explore whether the timing of patient education sessions influences levels of satisfactionRead MoreDiscussion Based Learning Over Lecture Based Classes851 Words   |  4 Pagesuniversally known. When I discussed the advantages of discussion-based learning over lecture-based classes, this conflict had already been resolved. After discussing this problem with my professor, I looked for the argument within my original argument. I recognized that the portion of my paper about the financial issues with higher education had merit as a paper by itself. So, I began to look at an argument, using the previously-known information that discussion-based classes are more effective than lecture-basedRead MoreSexual Education Is An Invaluable Part Of The Public School Curriculum1196 Words   |  5 Pagesbe left astray. That is, of course, if there was not a secondary source available full of the same wisdom a parent could provide. In particular, when it comes to sexual education, there are many adverse effects that could arise should that child never be given the thorough discussion that the topic surely needs. Sexual education is an invaluable part of the public school curriculum. I know this not only from my personal experience as a teen but also from the research confirming it’s positive effectsRead MoreDiabetes Education Plan1587 Words   |  7 Pagesnecessary the inclusion of oral hypoglycemic agents (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare [AIHW], 2008). Therefore, the aim of the education plan is to assist the client to make educated lifestyle choices and changes that will improve health outcomes and reduce the risk of diabetic complications. The education plan will develop evidence-based client education strategies that focus on diabetes management and the modification of unhealthy lifestyle behaviours. According to Funnell, Anderson, AustinRead MoreIs Scholarships Not Necessary Of A Positive Motivator?878 Words   |  4 Pagesclass readings/d iscussions in the written component From the class reading and discussions, I found that the ministry of education does not always respect the rights of educators, teachers and schools. For example, there are some high schools in Toronto do not offer full courses and therefore, the students in that schools are not qualified to go to universities. Some schools are regulated, but as soon as schools are regulated, they complicating the society. There was a discussion that scholarshipsRead MoreKohlberg s Theory Of Moral Development1684 Words   |  7 PagesIn American education, teachers are focused on the intellectual growth of students. However, as educators, teachers not only have the opportunity to grow students intellectually, but also more holistically. One crucial area of a student’s life that is impacted by education is their morality. This paper will explore Kohlberg’s theory of moral development, which addresses the idea of a person s progression of morality. It will first examine the concept of the theory and its founder. It will then followRead MoreThe Theory Of The Philosophy Of Education Essay1538 Words   |  7 PagesPhilosophy Emily E. Blackwell Athens State University Abstract Idealism, thought to be the creation of Greek philosopher, Plato, is the approach that teachers use to get students to ask and answer questions in order to reach the next level of education. The teacher will typically use a variety of inquiry based learning tactics. This school of thought is used to develop each students’ individual abilities and moral character. The idealist feels that with the development of moral character in addition

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Critical Evaluation of Airway Complication †

Question: Discuss about the Critical Evaluation of Airway Complication. Answer: Introduction: One of the greatest complications that arise in the post operative patients residing in the coronary Care Unit is related to respiratory distress and Airway blockage. These postoperative complications include laryngospasm aspiration and hypoxemia, and these complications are very common after any bypass graft surgery. 1 mechanism to avoid patients at wearing these complications in a post operative stage is performing endotracheal intubation which is one of the most abundantly utilised intervention techniques for management of airway complication in postoperative cardiac patients (Villafranca et al., 2013). However, as beneficial as intubation methods are for reviving the postoperative cardiac patients struggling with airway complication, variety of different risks are associated with the extubation procedure. The clinical decision to perform extubation is based on the reading readiness test performed on the bed sheet that involves spontaneous breathing on 80 piece or low levels of ventilator reassessed. Naturally this procedure is associated with a lot of risk and failure in distribution mechanism is also very common affecting 10 to 20% of the cardiac patient popularity. However, it has to be mentioned that mortality rates associated with extubation failure in post- op patients is 20 to 25% which is relatively high. Different studies suggest that adhering to a step-by-step standardized protocol before carrying out the extubation is known to help reduce the rate of extirpation failure and increases the recovery chances of the patient reduces the rate of extirpation failure and increases the recovery chances of the patients drastically (Villafranca et al., 2013). This assignment will focus on exploring the extubation criteria and associated interventions performed in ICU patients suffering with Airway clearance and attempts to determine whether it adheres to the best practice procedures or not taking the help of critically evaluate in relevant and authentic article published on this issue Critical evaluation: In case of any complications the most important intervention to be performed is Airway patency, and tracheal intubation serves that purpose. However after the purpose is served the removal of the tracheal tube is extremely necessity and this is the process of extubation. However the estimation procedure can sometimes result in mobility and mortality, one of the most frequent complications that are associated with the process of airway complication management by tracheal tubes, is the unplanned extubation (Anderson et al., 2011). In most cases specifically in the critical care units or coronary care unit at the patients the severity of the complication is escalated than the normal cases, unplanned extubation followed by re- intubation procedure is a necessary intervention. However, there are few literature that emphasizes on the challenges associated with exhibitions and the criteria based on which extubation intervention is carried out. It has to be understood that extirpation is a m eticulous and highly risky procedure which can result in severe consequences if the protocol is not followed step by step. Hence the importance of standardizing the criteria based on which extubation will be carried out is extremely important for the safety and reducing the morbidity associated with this procedure. The purpose of this assignment is to evaluate the literature available on the Internet and explore how efficient these literature articles are in defining the criterion for extubation and how helpful excavation methods are in airway complication management. First and foremost, the extubation procedure and its risks should be taken into account, and the article Difficult Airway Society Guidelines for the management of tracheal extubation by Mitchel and coauthors, the information regarding extubation is hazardous and how extirpation management can help in treating critical patients is explained excellently (Mitchell et al., 2012). Problems related with extubation are the challenges that airway reflexes pose. For instance exaggerated laryngeal reflexes is the most contributing factor for extubation complications. Along with that reduced airway reflection and dysfunctional reflexes are also few instances that complicate the intubation and extubation procedure for a critical patient. another very important complication that can arise after incubation on extubation procedure is airway injury. It has to be mentioned in this context that these periglottic trauma are resultant from any transoesophageal echocardiography probes or nasogastric tub es being inserted during the entire procedure. And these complications not only make the procedure of insertion and extraction of tracheal tube extremely meticulous but also reduce the recovery chances of the patients and increase the hospital stay statistics exponentially. Apart from the clinical manifestations of the tracheal intubation and extubation intervention, there are some management flaws that result in complicating the intubation procedure and demanding unplanned extubation as well. This article explains the severe lack of compelling general principles available for the extirpation strategies that would fit all patients. According to the authors extubation is considered to be an electric process which makes the planning and execution part very important. The purpose of extubation management is to ensure that the patients lungs receive an interrupted flow of oxygen. 1 highly appreciated context of this particular article is that it has very helpful provided a detailed acce leration and explanation of b a s activation guidelines. It has to be understood that this particular Framework provides 4 step action plan for the execution of the activation procedure. In the first step the extubation is plant followed by the steps two where the peri- operative preparations for extubation is carried out. In the steps three extubation is performed in real time and in the steps four a thorough and extensive post extubation care is planned and carried out for the patient. As explained by the authors of this article 20 step by step actions questions each and every action before it is performed, hence this particular guideline is extremely precise and to the point if for exhibition procedures to be carried out in critical conditions. For instance in the step 1, presence of general and special airway risk factors is questioned meticulously, before carrying out the activation procedure in itself. Along with that during and post extubation care and management techniques a re extensively explained in this particular article as well with answers the main question that this assignment represents. However we must not ignore that this article is based on a specific clinical framework and does incorporate only theories lacking any practical observations which significantly reduces the relatability of the article. A different viewpoint is provided by the article Unplanned extubation in the ICU: a marker of quality assurance of mechanical ventilation , Where extubation procedure is viewed as a unnecessary complications and which can be seen as a significant and visible quality marker for the winning care that the patients receive in intensive care unit (Peuelas, Frutos-Vivar Esteban, 2011). The authors argue that the main criteria for carrying out unplanned extubation is the complications that arise with previous intubation procedure. And a better every complication management technique will be ensuring that the initial intubation procedure is flawless and it does not require emergency unplanned extubation process to be carried out on the patients which has severe risk of complicating the condition of the patient further. The authors further argue that in order to reduce the need for unplanned exhibition, understanding all the associated factors of extubation is extremely important. The office describe that along with the clinical implications, the floors in the Healthcare staff like nursing workforce burnout, lack of a detailed and standardized protocol, lacking use of protective Gear on the patience to secure the tracheal tube, even minor mis- placements are significant contribution factors behind the need or criteria of extirpation to be carried out (Peuelas, Frutos-Vivar Esteban, 2011). The authors propose that strategies for reducing these flaws like detecting short displacement, using safety gears on the patient, etc can reduce the need for extubation exponentially. All the while, critically evaluating the relevance of this article in this assignment, that despite providing a novel viewpoint to the study, it must not escape noticed that this article only emphasizes on strategies that can identify the disc for activation and eliminate that altogether, while notpaying any attention show how the complications associated with extubation can be managed with adequate in terventions. Another article under evaluation here is by Nolan and Kelly, emphasizing on the broad Topic of airway complication management (Nolan Kelly, 2011). The article discusses the incidences of difficult intubation and complications and providing possible intervention strategies that can successfully manage those complications. For instance this article discusses use of capnography, tracheostomy, anaesthesia induction for critically ill patients, and the challenges associated with these strategies are discussed in detail. Now one of the solutions discussed in the article to overcome the challenges that application brings forth in the ICU, intubation bundle is discussed significantly (Liu et al., 2010). According to this article intubation reduces the application by 21 to 34 %, however the discs on complications associated with field intubation procedure resulting in unplanned extubation is also considered as one of the most influential confounding factors in this intervention strategy. How ever the author suggest that at heading to a particular standardized Framework protocol can significantly reduce the flaws in the intubation procedure and in turn eliminate the need for unplanned extubation all together. Among the other Airway management techniques that are utilized in such scenarios, the authors describe a successful captain atrophy after intubation to verify proper ventilation to be the most effective one. Authors discuss that category is the most reliable and relevant method of intervention to confirm tracheal tube positioning and eliminate the risk of unplanned extubation. Cricothyroidotomy is another intervention that the authors suggest to be useful in airway management, along with managing human factors by training and skill improvement procedures (Maggiore et al., 2014). The article Unplanned Endotracheal Extubations in the Intensive Care Unit: Systematic Review, Critical Appraisal, and Evidence-Based Recommendations by Da Silva unplanned extubation and its consequences in detail as well (da Silva Fonseca, 2012). This article it is a systematic review conducted on the rate of unplanned Expectations and the need for preventative strategies in the Airway management techniques to avoid and plant exhibition. Authors performed extensive and critical research from the database is like MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, LILACS etc. The main where did that the systematic review provides is that the existing literature only emphasizes on the occurrences of unplanned x 2 patients and the computing factors that lead to add how that where there is a significant lack of research studies that focus on preventative strategies and reccomendation. Critical observation: According to the article The Decision to Extubate in the Intensive Care Unit, the emphasis of the authors is on the decision to activate in the ICU (Thille et al., 2013). It has to be mentioned in this context that this article co-aligned perfectly with the question been asked in the assignments and their house recognition for providing such relevant and transferable data. In my own professionl experience I have observed that the most important factor regarding unplanned extubations are associated with not identifying the exact need of the patient, and in most cases the patient the patient worsen more after the extubation and intubation. It has to be understood, the major questions being asked in the assignment apart from proper and improvised Airway management techniques, is the criteria based on which exhibition procedures are carried. From my professional experience , the lack of a proper demarketed guideline standardizing both intubation procedure and weaning test interpretation is a major concern. The authors here suggest that extubation failures and complications that arise for extubation are mainly concerned with the inability of the health care staff to purchase the results of the winning readiness test properly. The authors rightfully propose that understanding the pathophysiology of the winning test are extremely essential as it takes place in instrumental role in the discussion for excavation which can possibly result in further complications for the patient is carried out imperfectly or without a proper need. Agreeing with previous studies discussed in this assignment the authors of the study also suggest that most of the extubation procedures are in fact and plan activation and result in need for reintubation. The author suggest that strategies should be identified planned and executed for both extubation management and weaning readiness test management, so that you better clinical decision making can be facilitated (Thille et al., 2013). The authors here propose an international consensus panel that has instructed meaning readiness test for extirpation to be performed only with the patients fulfills the following criteria, resolution for the primary reason for intubation, cardiovascular stability and close to no need of vasopressors, no need for continuous sedation, and continuous oxygenation (Thille et al., 2013). Hence this can be considered as the standardized protocol on criteria based on which winning readiness test and following extubation should be performed to confirm the absolute needed the patient for excavation and avoid associated with extubation and Reintubation. Help it can be concluded that this particular article has provided the answer to the first part of the question asked in the assignment perfectly and the criteria mentioned in the article can be considered the best best possible solution to the conundrum of unplanned extubation (White, 2014). Conclusion: Hence on a concluding note, it can be stated that extubation is an undoubtedly necessary procedure, however unplanned extubation is not the best practice for proper airway management to be carried out. Instead care should be taken to avoid unnecessary unplanned extubation when it follows a reintubation further complicating the condition of the patient. In such cases two best practice interventions should e adhering to the DAS extubation guideline and the criteria selected before carrying out a weaning test. And it can be hoped that adhering to these two standard protocols can effectively reduce the co morbidities associated with unplanned extubation failures significantly. References: Anderson, C. D., Bartscher, J. F., Scripko, P. D., Biffi, A., Chase, D., Guanci, M., Greer, D. M. (2011). Neurologic examination and extubation outcome in the neurocritical care unit.Neurocritical care,15(3), 490-497. Brotfain, E., Zlotnik, A., Schwartz, A., Frenkel, A., Koyfman, L., Gruenbaum, S. E., Klein, M. (2014). Comparison of the effectiveness of high flow nasal oxygen cannula vs. standard non-rebreather oxygen face mask in post-extubation intensive care unit patients.The Israel Medical Association journal: IMAJ,16(11), 718-722. da Silva, P. S. L., Fonseca, M. C. M. (2012). Unplanned endotracheal extubations in the intensive care unit: systematic review, critical appraisal, and evidence-based recommendations.Anesthesia Analgesia,114(5), 1003-1014. Devor, R., Wellnitz, C., Kang, P., Siddiqui, M., Nigro, J., Velez, D., Willis, B. (2016). 216: PULMONARY DEAD SPACE FRACTION AND EXTUBATION SUCCESS IN CHILDREN AFTER CARDIAC SURGERY.Critical Care Medicine,44(12), 131. Iyer, N. P., Dickson, J., Ruiz, M. E., Chatburn, R., Beck, J., Sinderby, C., Rodriguez, R. J. (2017). Neural Breathing Pattern in Newborn Infants Pre and Post?Extubation.Acta Paediatrica. Jung, B., Moury, P. H., Mahul, M., de Jong, A., Galia, F., Prades, A., ... Jaber, S. (2016). Diaphragmatic dysfunction in patients with ICU-acquired weakness and its impact on extubation failure.Intensive care medicine,42(5), 853-861. Liu, Y., Wei, L. Q., Li, G. Q., Lv, F. Y., Wang, H., Zhang, Y. H., Cao, W. L. (2010). A decision-tree model for predicting extubation outcome in elderly patients after a successful spontaneous breathing trial.Anesthesia Analgesia,111(5), 1211-1218. Lu, C. H., Wu, Z. F., Lin, B. F., Lee, M. S., Lin, C., Huang, Y. S., Huang, Y. H. (2016). Faster extubation time with more stable hemodynamics during extubation and shorter total surgical suite time after propofol-based total intravenous anesthesia compared with desflurane anesthesia in lengthy lumbar spine surgery.Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine,24(2), 268-274. Maggiore, S. M., Idone, F. A., Vaschetto, R., Festa, R., Cataldo, A., Antonicelli, F., ... Antonelli, M. (2014). Nasal high-flow versus Venturi mask oxygen therapy after extubation. Effects on oxygenation, comfort, and clinical outcome.American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine,190(3), 282-288. Mitchell, V., Dravid, R., Patel, A., Swampillai, C., Higgs, A. (2012). Difficult Airway Society Guidelines for the management of tracheal extubation.Anaesthesia,67(3), 318-340. Nolan, J. P., Kelly, F. E. (2011). Airway challenges in critical care.Anaesthesia,66(s2), 81-92. Peuelas, ., Frutos-Vivar, F., Esteban, A. (2011). Unplanned extubation in the ICU: a marker of quality assurance of mechanical ventilation.Critical Care,15(2), 128. Rittayamai, N., Tscheikuna, J., Rujiwit, P. (2014). High-flow nasal cannula versus conventional oxygen therapy after endotracheal extubation: a randomized crossover physiologic study.Respiratory care,59(4), 485-490. Thille, A. W., Harrois, A., Schortgen, F., Brun-Buisson, C., Brochard, L. (2011). Outcomes of extubation failure in medical intensive care unit patients.Critical care medicine,39(12), 2612-2618. Thille, A. W., Richard, J. C. M., Brochard, L. (2013). The decision to extubate in the intensive care unit.American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine,187(12), 1294-1302. Villafranca, A., Thomson, I. A., Grocott, H. P., Avidan, M. S., Kahn, S., Jacobsohn, E. (2013). The impact of bispectral index versus end-tidal anesthetic concentration-guided anesthesia on time to tracheal extubation in fast-track cardiac surgery.Anesthesia Analgesia,116(3), 541-548. White, K. (2014). Extubation Readiness in the Pediatric Population.CHEST Journal,146(4_MeetingAbstracts), 539A-539A.

Sunday, April 12, 2020

How Stalin Used the Four techniques of a Dictator Essay Example

How Stalin Used the Four techniques of a Dictator Essay How Stalin Used the Four Techniques of a Dictator A dictatorship is a system of government where the power is centralized.There are four techniques dictators use to be successful; indoctrination, controlled participation, scapegoating and force.Using these four techniques, dictators can achieve their goals. The purpose of indoctrination is to create a like minded society that believes in the governments policies.When Stalin was the dictator of the Soviet Union, he used indoctrination in the area of religion.He strongly discouraged religion and closed down nearly 40,000 Christian churches and 25,000 mosques.Church leaders were arrested and imprisoned.People who avoided getting arrested were forbidden to organize any religious activity in public.Stalin wanted everyone to believe in Atheism, so the Communist Party set up a League of Militant Atheists whose job it was to turn people away from their religious beliefs.They burnt religious icons, set up anti-religious museums and organized anti-religious propaganda campaigns. The League of Militant Atheists had over 5.5 million members, thus creating a lot of people who thought the same way about religion. Stalin also used indoctrination in the area of culture.All artists, writers, painters, composers, were kept on a strict watch by the Communist Party to make sure that they all supported the Party and the government.To be a writer in the Soviet Union, you had to join the Union of Soviet Writers.If you were a member of this organization, your writing had to follow a policy ofsocialist realism.This meant that all writing including novels, filmscripts, poems, plays and journalism had to deal with the lives of ordinary working people and show the advancement of Communism.The same applied to all other creative artists.If you didnt conform, you would be sent to labor camps.Therefore, Soviet people were able to read only books that suppo

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

dinner at homesick restaurant essays

dinner at homesick restaurant essays The novel Dinner at the Homesick Restaurant is one of Tylers more complex because it involves not only the growth of the mother, Pearl Tull, but each of her children as well. Pearl must except her faults in raising her children, and her children must all face their own loneliness, jealousy, or imperfection. It is in doing this that they find connections to their family. They find growth through suffering. Cody Tull, the oldest child and the one most damaged by the failure of his parents marriage he becomes an aggressive, quarrelsome efficiency expert.(Voelker 126) He feels that it his fault that Beck, the father, left. Especially when they bring up the arrow incident. Cody never really feels like a family as he expresses: You think were a family...when in particles, torn apart, torn all over the place?(Tyler 294). He never recovers from his father leaving. The optimism of Ezra is never noticed by the family. He never let his past affect his life and very little bothered him. The family does not notice his optimism because Cody resented it, Jenny ignored it and Pearl misunderstood it. His optimism is shown when Cody is reflecting on their childhood, about how bad it was and how their mother was a shrieking witch. Ezra responds, She wasnt always angry. Really she was angry very seldom, only a few times widely spaced, that happened to stick in your mind(Tyler 295). Even though Ezra felt his childhood was not that unhappy, he never feel his family is a whole because of Codys jealousy, Jennys isolation and Pearls confusion. Ezra creates and manages a restaurant that corrects the excessive closeness of his family with an atmosphere that consoles the customer while making no demands.(Volker 126) This was his idealistic home. Jenny, the youngest, becomes a pediatrician, a professional mother, who can avoid stifling emoti...

Sunday, February 23, 2020

An audit of anaemia in haemodialysis patients Essay

An audit of anaemia in haemodialysis patients - Essay Example According to the NICE guidelines, published by the Royal College of Physicians, "Conventionally anaemia is defined as a haemoglobin concentration lower than[normal as defined by WHO]. This cut-off figure ranges from 11 grams per decilitre (g/dl) for pregnant women and for children between 6 months and 5 years of age, to 12 g/dl for non-pregnant women, and to 13 g/dl for men."1 "In 2002, Hsu et. al. analyzed data from the Third National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES III) (n=15,837) and found low iron indices to be frequently present at all levels of reduced creatinine clearance (CrCl)."2 Additionally, "[m]ore than 50% of CKD patients with an[a]emia were iron deficient, as indicated by serum ferritin 13 g/dl, but that there was no evidence either way for intermediate levels (11.5-13 g/dl) in comparison with higher or lower levels."5 One may wonder if particular medications can cause someone to become anaemic. "Some patients react to drugs because of inherited susceptibility, such as patients with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) deficiency. G-6-PD is an important enzyme that buffers the mature red cell against oxidative stress. In individuals who are deficient in